Wilson's Creek was the first major Civil War battle fought west of the Mississippi River, and the site of the death of Nathaniel Lyon, the first Union general killed in action during a costly Southern victory. (This battlefield is located outside of the heritage area.)


Visitor Center: April-Oct 8 am-5 pm; Oct-April 9 am-5 pm; Battlefield closed: Thanksgiving, Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, and New Year's Day. Tour hours vary by season.

Contact Information

6424 W. Farm Road 182
Republic, MO 65738
Phone: 417-732-2662

Location Type

Living History
Interpretive Signs
Natural Area
National Register of Historic Places
Walking Tours

Site Info

AC / Heating
Bus / RV Parking
Group Tours
Hiking Trails
Research Library
Water Fountain
Wheel Chair Accessible

Though this site is outside of the borders of Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area, its stories connect with ours and it is one of our National Park Service partners.

The Battle of Wilson's Creek (called Oak Hills by the Southerners) was a bitter struggle between Union and Southern forces for control of Missouri. It was fought ten miles southwest of Springfield, Missouri on August 10, 1861. When the Civil War began in 1861, Missouri's allegiance was of vital concern to the federal government. The state's strategic position on the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers and its abundant manpower and natural resources made it imperative that she remain loyal to the Union. Most Missourians desired neutrality, but many, including the governor, Claiborne Fox Jackson, held strong Southern sympathies and planned to cooperate with the Confederacy in its bid for independence.

When President Lincoln called for troops to put down the rebellion, Missouri was asked to supply four regiments. Governor Jackson refused the request and ordered State military units to muster at Camp Jackson outside Saint Louis and prepare to seize the U.S. arsenal in that city. They had not, however, counted on the resourcefulness of the arsenal's commander, Captain Nathaniel Lyon. (Read more of the story by following the link to the National Park Service's webpage.)

All areas of the Visitor Center and Ray House are wheelchair accessible from the parking areas. A wheelchair is available for use in the Visitor Center.

Interpretive stops along the Tour Road are wheelchair accessible, but the interpretive trails off the Tour Road are primitive trails and are not wheelchair accessible. Designated handicapped parking spaces are available at each of the parking areas.

In compliance with ADA standards, assisted listening devices are available for use with the twenty-nine minute orientation film in the Visitor Center.

Stories & Comments

Share Your Story (* fields required)

Your email address will not be posted on the website.
Upload photo or document
Leave blank to submit form:
Comments are moderated, and will be published after approval.

7MB limit
Acceptable image formats: JPG, GIF, and PNG
Accepted document format: PDF


National Park ServiceVisit MissouriKansas Department of CommerceSEK
Web Development by Imagemakers Inc.
Are you sure you want to delete this?
Yes    Cancel